Cello Diagram


Assembling the Cello

Minimal preparation is required before playing your cello as it is constructed as a complete instrument. However, you must take care when handling your cello as it is made up of many parts. Always pack your cello and bow away in its case when not in use.

  1. Turn the restraining hook to unlock the bow from its position in the case.
  2. Always take your bow out of the case first, and then your cello.
  3. Carefully take your cello out of the case and have a chair ready to sit down on.
  4. Tighten the hairs on the bow before playing by gently turning the tension screw. Be careful – do not make them too loose or too tight!
  5. Apply rosin on the bow hair before playing by placing the bow on the rosin surface and moving the bow back and forth a few times so the rosin gets on the hair.
  6. Rosin is needed to help create friction for the bow. It is this friction between the bow and strings when playing that makes the strings vibrate and produce a sound. New bows need a little bit more rosin at first.
  7. Tune your cello using the 4 tuning pegs. Carefully loosen one tuning peg at a time, wind and unwind the string to correct the pitch, then push the tuning peg back. Use the fine tuners to complete the tuning process, and then your violin is ready to play!
  8. When you are finished playing, loosen the hair on the bow before putting it back in the case. And if you have a soft case, be sure to put your cello in first, then the bow.


Cleaning and care

Taking care of your cello is very important! Here are a few tips to help you get started:

  1. Rosin is very important for all string players. Many new cello bows will not make a sound without rosin. Rosin provides friction to the bow hairs, so that when you pull the bow across the strings, it makes a sound.
  2. After playing the cello, gently wipe it down with a soft cloth to remove rosin build-up on the strings.
  3. Do not store your cello in extreme hot or cold locations. It is is made of wood so it can crack, warp, or the varnish could melt.
  4. Make sure you never put your cello down or in its case string side down. Always store it string side up.
  5. Make sure your case is closed and locked properly before you pick it up.


Choosing the right size cello

It’s very important to get the right size cello for your child. Cellos come in all different sizes. An adult would play a full size 4/4 cello, but children will need a smaller size to begin with. We recommend having your child measured for their cello by your teacher or the store you have rented / purchased your cello from.

Here is a basic chart to help you:

Cello Sizes Chart


Holding the Cello and Bow

Please see our video and tutorial links below for detailed clips on how to hold your bow and your cello.


The sounds of the Cello

The sound of the cello is rich and deep. The instrument originated in the 16th century. Cellos are tuned in 5th’s. There are four strings A, D, G and C. The cello’s unique sound has made it a popular choice for composers over the last few centuries. Cellos are commonly seen in symphony orchestras as part of a larger section. Concertos from Hayden to Elgar, and great symphonic works by Richard Strauss and Tchaikovsky all feature the majestic and soulful sound of the cello.


Helpful videos and tutorials

We also have our own YouTube Channel, where you can find a collection of useful videos and tutorials.